Prostate Cancer

The most common cancer that occurs in males today is carcinoma of the prostate also known as prostate cancer. Prostate cancer also is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in men. The prostate glad is a gland that can only be found in males. The prostates job is to make the fluid that protects and nourishes sperm cells in semen. Prostate cancer is when there is a tumor located in side the prostate glad. Most prostate cancers are slow growing but some can grow relatively fast.

One of the reasons I believe that prostate cancer is the second leading cause of deaths in men is because of the fact that early prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms and when it does they are similar to other diseases which might cause it to take logger to be diagnosed. Prostate cancer also can be easily spread throughout the body. This makes it almost impossible to find all the cancer and remove it from the body. Some symptoms that you could experience are frequent urination, nocturia (increased urination at night), difficulty starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine, hematuria (blood in the urine), and dysuria (painful urination). Pancreatic cancer is often associated with urinary dysfunction, which makes since because your vas deferens, which is the pathways that urine and semen, runs through your prostate and if your prostate has a tumor in it this can disrupt the function of the vas deferens. Prostate cancer has a high potential to spread to other parts of the body, which can cause other symptoms and the most common is bone pain. This is normally located in the vertebrae, pelvis, or ribs.

Factors that can increase the risk of pancreatic cancer are older age, a family history, and race. About 99% of the time the patient is over 50 years old. Men that have a first degree relative that had prostate cancer they are twice as likely to obtain it. Black men are also more commonly diagnosed with prostate cancer and it is more deadly in black men. There is no single gene that is responsible for prostate cancer, which makes it harder to detect and prevent. When it comes to treating prostate cancer there are many different ways to do so like expectant management or active surveillance, surgery, cryosurgery, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, vaccine treatment, bine directed treatment. Radiation therapy is the initial treatment for low grade cancer that is still confirmed within the prostate gland. There are two types of radiation where are an external beam and brachytherapy or internal radiation. They both work good for treating prostate cancer although there is more long term information about the results of treatment with external beam radiation. The external radiation is used mainly to cure the early stages of cancer or help relieve symptoms such as bone pain if the cancer has spread to their bones. The process of radiation is like an x-ray just radiation is stronger than x-rays. In the end prostate cancer is a serious issue and it is something I think everybody should be aware about.

About Mr. Mohn

Biology Teacher

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