Diabetes affect many people around the world today, babies, children and adults. Just in United States alone, 29 million people are diagnosed with diabetes and 8 million people with diabetes are undiagnosed because they are unaware. Diabetes has caused a lot of deaths because so many people do not go for yearly checkups because they think it is not important. Diabetes is one of the top 10 medical causes of death in people. There are two main type of diabetes; there is type one diabetes and type two diabetes. Three uncommon types of diabetes are gestational, neonatal, and maturity onset diabetes.
Diabetes is a very common disease and incurable. Your body uses the sugar (Glucose) you consume to create energy so your body can function. Glucose is in many things like muffins, cupcakes and other sweet things. It can also be in starch products like bread, pasta, pizza and more. Normally your body releases insulin, made by the pancreas, which regulates how much glucose is in your blood. Insulin absorbs enough glucose so it is not an overwhelming amount for your body. So when your blood sugar rises after you eat a cake, your body will release insulin in response. When your blood sugar level drops your insulin levels drop too not releasing any insulin.
There are two main types of diabetes. Type one diabetes is when the pancreas stops making insulin. Type two is when not enough insulin is being made or the cells do not respond to the insulin. Type one is usually an auto immune disease and it is when the immune system affects the pancreas which stops the creation of insulin. This disease usually occurs in people below 40. Type two diabetes is considered to be hereditary, passing down from generation to generation. However, a second cause is lifestyle problems like not exercising and eating unhealthy food. People above 40 are usually affected by type two but recently many children and adults are being diagnosed too. The three uncommon diabetes are gestational, neonatal and maturity onset. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy but goes away after the baby is born. Neonatal is a very rare but is caused by a change in a gene which affects insulin. Maturity onset is caused by a mutation in a gene which reduces insulin production.
Many people who are not aware that they have diabetes can suffer tremendously. Not getting treatment soon can cause hyperglycemia-very high blood sugar level- which can lead to death. Sometimes insulin levels can fall very low because of too much insulin and cause a coma or brain death. If diabetes goes untreated for a long period of time it can cause vascular disease, nerve problems and much more. However, there are ways to prevent this. If there are any signs of diabetes like frequent urination and weakness then it is very important to go consult with your doctor and keep taking the medication you need. People not affected by diabetes can do things to prevent themselves from ever getting it. Some ways are by exercising, eating healthy meals and getting yearly checkups.